Door Hinges – About Butt Hinges
April 16, 2014
DOOR HINGES – ABOUT BUTT HINGES
Butt hinges are the most common type of hinges used to hang doors. They are available in different sizes and different qualities. Hinges are not hugely expensive when compared with other items of door furniture, so it is always best to go for better quality ones which will last the test of time.
Butt hinges have two leaves and a central knuckle (the moving hinge part). Each leaf attaches with screws, one side to the edge of the door and the other to the door frame. When the door is closed you only see the hinge knuckle on one side of the door. Better quality hinges are heavy duty and have knuckle joints often with phosphor bronze washers or ball bearings. They are available in several sizes, with the most common being 3″ and 4″ (76 or 102mm). This measurement being the length of the hinge.
So which butt hinge do you need?
Size – Your choice will depend upon the door size, weight and thickness. The door thickness will determine what hinge leaf size will fit. Most light and medium doors will be fine with a 76mm butt hinge, larger solid hardwood doors and external doors will need a 102mm hinge.
Number of hinges per door – It is common practice to use three hinges per door. This allows for fitting one near to the top, one near to the bottom and one in the middle, thus achieving an excellent even distribution of weight. This is highly recommended and common practice.
Material – The finish of your hinges should sit with the rest of your door furniture e.g. brass with brass, iron with iron or stainless steel with nickel or pewter. In our ranges we have butt hinges in brass, stainless steel and iron. These are all solid metal and not coated finishes and so are all suitable for external or internal use. The only exception are the wax finish iron butts which would corrode over time on an external door. We have powder powder coated butts for external use.
Attaching door hinges – Use countersunk screws, which should always match the metal of the hinge. When fully tightened these should sit flush with the face of the hinge.
T-Hinges – Traditional, with a strap which sits along the width of the door. These are for planked or cottage style doors of all sizes. We have Penny Round or Arrowhead ends, both period designs.
Parliament or Projection Hinges – For use where you want doors to open 180 degrees or more. These allow doors to clear obstacles such as door architraves. Please contact us for these.
Cupboard and Furniture Hinges – We have a selection of hinges for smaller cupboards, H-Hinges, T-Hinges and Butterfly hinges.
We have access to a wide range of hinges, so if you can’t find what you are looking for on our website, please contact us to discuss your requirements on 01746 712450.