About Door Hinges
April 3, 2010
ABOUT DOOR HINGES
Door hinges have been around for 4000 years and have passed through many stages in their evolution.
Usually used on public and sacred buildings, they were developed by the Romans for domestic use and became an important part of their sophisticated lifestyle. They even named a goddess, Cardea, as the godess of hinges.
In the mediaeval period, wrought iron strap hinges became prominent and the hinge ends were often delightfully decorated with elaborate scroll and fleur-de-lys designs. Many examples survive from the C16th onwards. Other designs emerged in this period like the HL hinge and the H Hinge which were often used in cupboards and boxes as well as larger versions on doors. The butterfly hinge became extensively used from the mid to late C17th on coffers, and jewellery boxes.
The most common hinges used today are butt hinges. They emerged from around 1850 and were usually in cast iron. Today butt hinges are available in steel, stainless steel, cast iron and brass and in a variety of finishes, qualities and weights to suit all door types. A variation is the rising butt which lifts the door as it opens and clears the thickness of the carpet.
T-Hinges (aka Tee Hinges) are a traditional design which remains popular today. They are always used on Cottage doors or Ledged and Braced Doors, and should ideally be long enough to cover 2/3 of the width of the door. As well as being functionally excellent, these hinges add a decorative element to the door, most often in designs with a penny round or arrowhead end. A stronger version of the T-Hinge but for heavy external doors is the hook and band hinge which is super strong.
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